MA3 bibliography(magenta)

MA2 bibliography(green)

MA1 bibliography(blue)     


Aitken, D. (2006) Broken Screen, Expanding the Image, Breaking the Narrative, 26 Conversations with Doug Aitken. New York: Distributed Art Publishers.

Alaimo, S., Hekman, S. [eds.] (2008) Material Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press [online] At: (Accessed 28.12.19).

Alexander, J.A.P. (2015) Perspectives on Place, Theory and Practice in Landscape Photography. London: Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd.

Alic, C. (2014) Contested Landscape of the Female Gaze, Self – Portraits of Resistance to Gender Oppression [online thesis] At: (Accessed 14.01.20).

Arts Tonight (2015) Making 1916: Material and Visual Culture of the Easter Rising. RTÉ Radio 1, 2nd November: 20.00 [radio online] At:!rii=b9_10484617_1538_02-11-2015_ (Accessed 30.03.18).

Audi, R (ed.) (1999) ‘Phenomenology’. In: The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy.(2nd ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp: 664 – 666.

Barker, J.M. (2009) The Tactile Eye, Touch and the Cinematic Experience. Berkeley: University Press of California Press.

Barthes, R. (1993) Camera Lucida. London: Random House U.K. Ltd.

Baudrillard, J. (2018) Baudrillard, Hyperreality and Simulacra. [online] At: (Accessed 15.03.18).

Beaumont, C. (1997) ‘Women, Citizenship and Catholicism in the Irish
free state, 1922-1948’ In: Women’s History Review, 6:4, pp. 563-585. At: (Accessed 28.04.18).

Bishop, C. (2012) Artificial Hells, Participatory Art and the Politics of Spectatorship. London: Verso [online] At: (Accessed 23.02.18).

Bhreathnach-Lynch, S. (1997) Landscape, Space, and Gender 
Their Role in the Construction of Female Identity [online] At: (Accessed 01.11.17).

Blackman, L., & Venn, C. (2010). ‘Affect’ In: Body & Society16(1), 7–28 [online]  At: or (Accessed 19.01.19).

Blalock, J. (2014) Camera Evolution. [Masters thesis] University of Washington. At file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/camera%20evolution%20blalock_washington_masters.pdf (Accessed 03.05.20). 

Boland, E. (1980) In Her Own Image. Dublin: Arlen House Ltd.

Bourriaud, N. (1998) Relational Aesthetics [online] At:  (Accessed 23.02.18).

Buckworth, J., Hanson, N. J. (2016) ‘Sex Differences in Time Perception During Self-Paced Running’. In: International Journal of Exercise Science [online] 9 (4): 514-523, 1st October. At: 02.05.20).

Butler, J. (1988) ‘Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory’ In: Theatre Journal,  40 (4) pp. 519-531. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. At: (Accessed 28.03.20).

Butler, J. (1990) ‘Gender Trouble, Feminist Theory and Psychoanalytic Discourse’ In: Feminism/Postmodernism [online] London: Routledge. At: (Accessed 05.04.20).

Butler Cullingford, E. (2008) ’Thinking of Her . . . as . . . Ireland’: Yeats, Pearse and Heaney.  [online] At: (Accessed  30.03.18).

Cachia, A. (2015) Bodies in Deliberate Motion: The Phenomenology of Complex Embodiment [online]At: (Accessed 07.02.19).

Cagigas, A. F., Callejas-Aguilera, J. E., Rosas, J. M., Vico-Prieto, A. (2016) Experimental Approach to the Study of Beauty: The Role of Golden Proportion. [thesis] Psicológica (2016), 37, 187-207. Universidad de Jaén, Spain. At: (Accessed 19.03.20)

Clarke, G. (1997) The Photograph. Oxford: Oxford University Press [online] At: (Accessed 21.03.19).

Collyer Bristow Gallery (2015) Liberties: An Exhibition of Contemporary Art Reflecting 40 Years Since the Sex Discrimination Act [online exhibition guide] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Liberties+A3_guide_toprint%20a%20womans%20place.pdf (Accessed 13.10.18).

Cosgrove, D. (1985) ‘Prospect, Perspective and the Evolution of the Landscape Idea’ In: Transaction of the Institute of British Geographers (10) 1 pp. 45-62. London: Wiley Blackwell At: (Accessed 06.04.20).

Cosgrove, D. (1988) ‘The Geometry of Landscape: Practical and Speculative Arts in Sixteenth-Century Venetian Land Territories’ In: Cosgrove, D. Daniels, S. (eds.) The Iconography of Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cosgrove, D., Daniels, S. (1988) The Iconography of Landscape. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Covey, S. R. (1989) ‘The Power of a Paradigm’ In: The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. [online] At:,Habits%20of%20highly%20effective%20people.pdf (Accessed 20.07.19).

Cresswell, T. (2015) Place, An Introduction. 2nd Edition. Chichester: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Crowe, E. (2019) Landscape Framework: The Lens as an Embodied Practice and its Gendered Framing of the Landscape [online] At: (Accessed 10.05.20). 

Cummins. P. (2018) Biography. [online] At: (Accessed 16.02.18).

Cv/VAR, (2011) Interviews – Artists, Patterns of Experience, Recordings 1988-2011. London: Cv Publications.

Czerniak, J. (1997) ‘Challenging the Pictorial: Recent Landscape Practice.’ Assemblage, no. 34, 1997, pp. 110–120. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. At: (Accessed 27.01.20).

Dater, J. (2018) Judy Dater. [online] At: (Accessed 25.11.17).

Day and Gluckman (2018) A Woman’s Place. [online] At: (Accessed 20.10.18).


Dean, T. Millar, J. (2005) Place. New York: Thames & Hudson.


Devereaux, L., Hilman, R. (1995) Fields of Vision: Essays in Film Studies, Visual Antropology, and Photography. California: University of California Press. [online] At: (Accessed 14.03.20).

Dickinson, E. (1924) Time and Eternity. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Emily%20Dickinson.pdf (Accessed 13.01.17).

Dublin City Gallery (2007) Beyond The Studio, A Symposium on The Role of the Studio in Creative Production Today. Dublin: Dublin City Gallery. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/5649_toprintsymposium%20beyond%20the%20studio.pdf (Accessed 27.09.17).

Elkins, J. (2002) Stories of Art. New York: Routledge.

Ermens, B. (2016) Gender Subversion in Virginia Wolfe’s Work: Comparing a Room of One’s Own, Orlando and To the Lighthouse [Thesis for BA English Language and Culture] Radboud University Nijmegen. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/virginia%20wolfeErmens,%20Bregje%204339037.pdf (Accessed 12.13.18).

Euclid (300 BC) Elements of Geometry [online] At: (Accessed 06.04.20).

Fatlolon, C. (2020) ‘Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory’ in Reading Protocol – 2 [online publication] At: (Accessed 28.03.20).

female video artists:

Fulford, S. (1988) Gendered Spaces in Contemporary Irish Poetry. Oxford: Peter Lang [online] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Gendered%20Spaces%20in%20Contemporary%20Irish%20Poetry.pdf (Accessed 20.02.18).

Geraghty, I. (2008) The Reconfigured Frame, Various Forms and Functions of the Physical Frame in Contemporary Art [PhD thesis] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/contextual%20study/the%20reconfigured%20frame.pdf (Accessed 02.01.20).

Giddens. A. (2001) ‘Gender and Sexuality’ In: Sociology, 4th Edition. Cambridge: Polity Press. ch 5, pp. 104-140.

Gonzalez, M.P. (2011) Landscape in Irish and Iberian Galician Poetry by Women Authors. Vol 13, Issue 5. Perdue: Perdue University Press. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Landscape%20in%20Irish%20and%20Iberian%20Galician%20Poetry%20by%20Women%20Authors.pdf (Accessed 04.04.18).

Graham, A. M. (2012) Unmarried Mothers: The Legislative Context in Ireland, 1921 – 79. [BA thesis for Degree on M.Litt.] NUI Maynooth. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/M._Litt._Thesis%20unmarried%20women%20policy.pdf (Accessed 14.12.18).

Griffin, S. (1978) Woman and Nature, The Roaring Inside Her. New York: Harper & Row.

Gunhild Setten (2003) Landscapes of Gaze and Practice, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift – Norwegian, Journal of Geography, 57:3, 134-144. At: (Accessed 13.01.19)

Hays, D. (2012) Screen as Landscape. [PhD thesis] Kingston University. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/Dan%20Hays%20PhD%202012%20Screen%20as%20Landscape.pdf  (Accessed 01.05.20). 

Huffman, N. (1997) ‘Charting the Other Maps: Cartography and Visual Methods In Feminist Research’ In: Jones, Nast, Roberts (eds) Thresholds in Feminist Geographies, Difference, Methodologies, Representation. pp. 255-284 [online] At: (Accessed 28.04.18).

Hancock, P., Hughes, B., Jagger,E., Patterson, K, Russel, R., Tulle Winton, E., Tyler, M. (2000) The Body, Culture and Society, An Introduction, Buckingham: Open University Press [online] At: (Accessed 20.03.19).

Heartney, E. (2008) Art and Today. London: Phaidon Press.

Highsnobiety [online] At: 13.05.18).

Holloway, W., Lucey, H., Phoenix, A. (2007) ‘The Body: A Phenomenological Psychological Perspective’ In: Social Psychology Matters [online] At: (Accessed 19.03.19).

Hyperallergic [online] At: (Accessed 26.12.18).

IMMA (2010) ‘Participatory and Relational Art’ In The What is? IMMA Talks Series.[online] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/whatisparticipatroyandrelationalart.pdf  (Accessed 16.03.18).

Ingold, T. (2013) Making, Anthropology, Archaeology, Art and Architecture. London: Routhledge [online] At: Making – EVA…/Making%20Anthropology%2C%20Archaeology%2C%20Ar… (Accessed 05.01.19).

Ingold, T. (1993) The Temporality of the Landscape In: World Archaeology, Concepts of Time and Ancient Society. Vol. 25, no 2 (p: 152 – 174) [online] At:  (Accessed 24.03.18).

Irish Government (2015) Constitution of Ireland, Article 41. Dublin: Government Publications.

Irish Times (1999) Map of the Human Art [online] At: (Accessed 12.04.18).

Jackson, R. M. (2018 unpublished) Down So Long: Disputed Ideals, Ideologies of Domesticity and Feminist Rebellion. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/feminsm%20and%20domesticity.pdf (Accessed 15.02.18).

 Järviluoma, H. Moisala, P. Vilkko, A. (2004) Gender and Qualitative Methods [online blog]  At: (Accessed 15.01.20). 

Keane, M. (2009) National Identity, Case Study: How Do Landscapes Represent National Identity? [online] At: (Accessed 30.03.18).

Kerlin GAllery (2018) Kathy Prendegast [online] At: (Accessed 18.04.18).

Knight Powell, A. (2016) Squaring the Circle, The Telescopic View in Early Modern Landscapes. At: (Accessed 16.03.20). 

Kodak Company (1888) The Kodak Manual. [online] New York: George Eastman Company. At: (Accessed 03.04.20).

Kosuth, J. (1969) ‘Comments on the First and Second Frame’ In: Art After Philosophy and After. At: (Accessed 06.04.20).

Kwon, M. (2002) One Place After Another, Site-Specific Art and Locational Identity. London: MIT Press.

Larsson, E. (2018) Photographic Engagements, Belonging and Affective Encounters in Contemporary Photography [online journal] At: (Accessed 13.01.20).

Lauriola, R. (2009) The Greeks and the Utopia: An Overview through Ancient Greek Literature. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/utopia%20landscapes.pdf (Accessed 13.03.20).

Lefebvre, H. (1991) The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Lindemann, G. (1996 ) ‘The Body of Gendered Difference’ In: The European Journal of Women’s Studies. London: Sage Publications. Vol. 3, pp. 341 – 361 [online] At: (Accessed 15.03.19).

Lippard, L. (1997) The Lure of the Local, Senses of Place in a Multicentered Society. New York: The New Press.

Lobo, C. V. (2018) In Search of the Female Gaze [MA thesis]. St. Martins College. At:file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/In_Search_of_the_Female_Gaze_Women_as_Pr.pdf  (Accessed 20.04.20).

Lojo Rodríguez, L. M. (2006) Female Iconography and Subjectivity in Eavan Boland’s In Her Own Image [online] At: Laura Ma Lojo Rodríguez Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Accessed 20.02.18).

Luke, B. (2018) ‘I wouldn’t be here were it not for public funding’: Turner Prize-winner Charlotte Prodger makes case for state support for the arts’ In: The Art Newspaper [online] At: (Accessed 24.04.19).

LUX: – LUX (online archive on London Coop lens-based movement started in the 1960s).

Macfarlane, R. (2008) ‘I Walk Therefore I Am’ In: The Guardian [online] At: (Accessed 14.15.19).

Marks, L. U. (1998) ‘Video Haptics and Erotics’ In: Screen 39:4 Winter [online] At: (Accessed 03.04.20).

Marks, L. U. (2000) The Skin of Film, Interculturalism, Embodiment and the Senses. Durham: Duke University Press.

Marks, L. U. (2002) Touch, Sensuous Theory and Multisensory Media. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Marks, L. U. (2017) Did We Finally Reach Gender Equality in Thirty Under 30 [online blog] At: (Accessed 14.04.19).

Marshal, C. (2016) Modern Ireland in 100 Artworks: 1984 – Celebration: The Beginning of Labour, by Pauline Cummins. Irish Times [online] At: (Accessed 13.03.18).

Massey, D. (1994) ‘A Global Sense of Place’ in Space, Place and Gender. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 146 – 156.

Massey, D. (1995) ‘Masculinity, Dualism and High Technology’ In: Transcations of the Institute of British Geographers. 20, 487-499. [online] At: (Accessed 31.03.20).

Massumi, B. (2013) Semblance and Event: Activist Philosophy and the Occurrent Arts. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

McAllister, K, (2008) Virilio: Mimesis, Mourning and Modern Technology [online] At: (Accessed 18.03.19).

McDowell, L. (1999) Gender, Identity and Place, Understanding Feminist Geographies. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1945) Phenomenology of Perception. London: Routledge Classics. At: (Accessed 07.02.19).

Merleau-Ponty (1964) ‘Eye and Mind’ In The Primacy of Perception. Evanston, USA: Northwestern University Press. pp. 159-190. At: (Accessed 24.04.19).

Merriam-Webster (2019) ‘Landscape’ definition. In: Merriam-Webster [online] At: (Accessed 15.03.19).

Mitchell, W.J.T. (1994) Landscape and Power (2nd ed.) Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

MOMA [online] (Accessed 27.01.18).

Monk, J. (1984) Environmental Review: ER, Vol. 8, No. 1, Special Issue: Women and Environmental History (Spring, 1984), pp. 23-33 [online] At: (Accessed 26.03.18).

Mulcahy, P. (2015) Basic Aesthetic Features in Visual Processing and Their Influence on Attention and Performance (PhD thesis] National University of Ireland Galway. At (Accessed 20.04.20). 

Mulvey, L. (1973) Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ In: Braudy, L., Cohen, M. (1999) Film Theory and Criticism: Introductory Readings. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 883-844 [online] At: (Accessed 15.03.19).

Mambrol, N. (2018) ‘Key Theories of Paul Virilio’ In: Literary Theory and Criticism [online] At: (Accessed 12.04.19).

Nash, C. (1993) Re-mapping and Re-naming, New Cartographies of Identity, Gender and Landscape in Ireland, Landscape in Ireland IN: Feminist Review, no 44, Summer 1993, pp. 39 – 57 [online] At: (Accessed 22.04.18).

National Centre for Research Methods (NCRM) (2019) Glossary of Multimodal Terms: Embodiment [online] At: (Accessed 11.02.19).

Neel, J. (2019) Breaking the Rules – Rules are Only Rules [online blog] At: (Accessed 15.02.20).

Nochlin, L. (1973) Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? At: (Accessed 30.03.20).

Novotyn, K, Wright, K. (2019) Bodies: A Digital Companion [online] At: (Accessed 29.12.19).

Odih, P. (1999) ‘Gendered Time in the Age of Deconstruction’ In: Sage Journals [online] (8), 1 March. At: (Accessed 03.05.20). 

O’Donahue, A. (2013) Cathleen Ní Houlihan and the Protection of Ireland’s Femininity. [online] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Cathleen%20N%C3%AD%20Houlihan%20and%20the%20protection%20of%20Ireland’s%20femininity%20%E2%80%93%20Human%20Rights%20in%20Ireland.html (Accessed 28.03.18).

Omes, N.Z. (2019) The Ecofeminist Lens: Nature, Technology & the Female Body in Lens-based Art [Masters Thesis] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Downloads/Omes_The_Ecofeminist_Lens.pdf (Accessed 27.12.19).

Organising Change (2019) Why Patriarchy Persists (and How We Can Change It) [online blog] At: (Accessed 24.12.19). 

Perry, L.A.M., Turner, L.H., Sterk, H.M. eds (1992) Constructing and Reconstructing Gender, The Links Among Communication, Language and Gender [online ebook] At: (Accessed 01.01.20).



Phillips, M. (2020) Nonlinear Narrative Techniques in Storytelling,  A Study of the Film ‘The Hours’ [online] At: (Accessed 03.01.20). 


Platt, V., Squire, M. (2017) The Frame in Classical Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Downloads/V._Platt_and_M._J._Squire_eds._The_Frame.pdf (Accessed 16.03.20).


Pultz, J. (1995) The Body and The Lens, Photography 1839 to the Present. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers [online] At: (Accessed 16.03.19).

Rae Buret, S. (2016) Beyond the Frame: Painted Pattern in Extended Pictorial Space. [Master of Philosophy] The Australian National University [online] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/Buret%20Thesis%202016%20beyond%20the%20frame.pdf (Accessed 02.05.20).  

RIA (1998) Kathy Prendergast [online] At: 14.04.18).

Riches, H. (2014) Picture Taking and Picture Making – Gender Difference and the Historiography  of Photography. At: (Accessed 04.01.20).

Ridgeway, C., L. (2011) Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World [online]. Oxford: Oxford University Press. At: (Accessed 25.03.20). 

Rose, G. (1993) Feminism and Geography, The Limits of Geographical Knowledge. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Rose, G. (2007) Visual Methodologies. 2nd Edition. London: Sage Publications [online] At:  file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Rose%20G,%20visual_methodologies_chap%208.pdf (Accessed 15.02.18).

Rosenblum, N. (2010) A History of Women Photographers (3rd ed.). New York: Abbeville Press.

Ruff, A. R. (2015) Arcadian Visions, Pastoral Influences on Poetry, Painting and design of Landscape. [online] Oxford: Oxbow Books. At: (Accessed 17.03.20). 

Seamon, D (2007) A Lived Hermetic of People and Place, Phenomenology and Space Syntax.Kansas: Kansas State University. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/david_seamon.pdf (Accessed 20.02.17).

Setten, G. (2003) Landscapes of Gaze and Practice In: Norwegian Journal of Geography (57) pp: 134– 144. At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%20study/reading/Landscapesofgazeandpractice.pdf (Accessed: 30.04.20). 

Shahid, S.N (2018) The Body as a Political Landscape at the Nepalese Photo Festival [online article] At: (Accessed 02.01.20).

Shephard, N. (1977) The Living Mountain. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.

Solnit, R. (2005) A Field Guide to Getting Lost. London: Penguin Books.

Solnit, R. (2001) As Eve Said to the Serpent, On Landscape, Gender, and Art. Georgia: University of Georgia Press.

Solnit, R. (2001) Wanderlust, A History of Walking. London: Penguin Books.

Sontag, S. (1977) On Photography. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. At : (Accessed 02.04.20).

Sorbchack, V. (1992) The Address of the Eye, A Phenomenology of Film Experience. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Soul of Ireland – The landscape Painter [television online] At: (Accessed 14.03.18).

Stein, J. (2015) The Disinheritance of Power [Undergraduate Thesis] At: (Accessed 23.12.19).
Stirtoaction Occupy LSX (2015) Radical Mapping [online] At: (Accessed 12.04.18).


Strutt, S., M. (1987) Framing Feminisms, Feminist Critiques of Patriarchal News Media [online masters thesis] At: (Accessed 01.01.19).

Taggart, A.J. (2014) Against Embodied Practice [online blog] At: (Accessed 15.03.19). 


Tate (2019) Charlotte Prodger [Tate Gallery online] (Accessed 12.11.18).

Trangmar, S (2018) Untitled Landscapes. [online] At: (Accessed 15.11.7).

Tucker, A. (1973) The Woman’s Eye. New York: Alfred A. Knopf Inc. 

Tymieniecka, A. T., (2009) ‘Phenomenology and Existentialism in the Twentieth Century: Book I’ in New Waves of Philosophical Inspirations [online] New York: Springer. At : (Accessed 26.03.20).

video artists:

video art:

walking artists:

walking and alternitave artists:

Ward, O. (2014) Ways of Looking, How to Experience Contemporary Art. London: Laurence King Publishers.

Wolfe, V. (1927) To the Lighthouse [online] At: file:///C:/Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Documents/my%20OCA%202017%20-%2018/reading/Virginia%20Woolf%20-%20To%20the%20Lighthouse.pdf (Accessed 13.01.18).

Westgeest, H. (2016) Video Art Theory, A Comparative Approach. Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Williams, V. (1986) Women Photographers, The Other Observers 1900 To The Present. London: Virago Press. 

Women and Geography Study Group of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institution of British Geographers (1997) Feminist Geographies, Explorations in Diversity and Difference. Oxon: Routledge.

Yip, N (2013) In Focus: Charlotte Prodger [Frieze online] At: (Accessed 13.03.19). 

Young, R.W. (2007) The Soft-Focus Lens and Anglo-American Pictorialism. [PhD thesis] University of St. Andrews. At: file:///C:Users/Elaine%20Crowe/Docuemnts/my%20OCA%202019-20/written%20work/contextual%study/reading/115438%20young%20lenses%20history.pdf (Accessed 19.04.20). 

Zangwill, N. (1999) ‘Art and Audience’ In The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Summer, 1999), pp. 315-332 [online] At: (Accessed 16.04.19).


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